(Bloomberg) September 2, 2010 – Burger King Holdings Inc. agreed to be acquired by 3G Capital, a New York investment firm backed by Brazilian investors, for $3.3 billion in the biggest restaurant acquisition in at least a decade.
The $24-a-share price is 46 percent more than Miami-based Burger King’s close Aug. 31, before reports of a deal surfaced. Under the terms of the agreement, the second-largest U.S. burger chain can solicit superior bids through Oct. 12, according to a statement today.
The chain’s sales growth has slowed for two straight years as consumers ate out less during the U.S. economic slump. Burger King, which trails only McDonald’s Corp. in the U.S., has seen a slower recovery than its larger rival as its clientele suffered more from the recession, said Tom Forte, an analyst at New York- based Telsey Advisory Group.
“Burger King’s heavy user — young, male, and more likely to be a minority — has had a higher rate of unemployment than the McDonald’s consumer,” Forte said in a telephone interview.
The transaction with New York-based 3G amounts to about $4 billion including debt. The purchase would eclipse the 2007 sale of OSI Restaurant Partners Inc., the parent of Outback Steakhouse, as the biggest restaurant deal since Bloomberg started compiling data more than a decade ago.
Burger King rose $4.73, or 25 percent, to $23.59 at 4:02 p.m. in New York Stock Exchange composite trading. The gain was the largest since May 2006, when the company went public.
Trading of bullish Burger King options surged to a record Aug. 25, a week before today’s announcement. Volume for calls to buy the stock jumped Aug. 25 to 37,427, or almost 20 times the average during the preceding four weeks, data compiled by Bloomberg show. Call trading exceeded that level yesterday, reaching 54,284, after the Wall Street Journal said the company was in talks to be sold.
The deal values Burger King at 9 times earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization in the year ended June 30. Over the past five years, U.S. restaurant acquisitions closed at a median multiple of 8.2, according to Bloomberg data.
Transactions in the restaurant industry have picked up as the U.S. economy begins to recover, with rival chains such as Wendy’s/Arby’s Group Inc. attracting interest. 3G has shown interest in fast-food chains in the past, disclosing last year that it owned about 4.2 million shares of Wendy’s/Arby’s. 3G’s disclosure of holdings as of June 30 didn’t show any Wendy’s/Arby’s shares.
3G is an investment vehicle whose main investors are three Brazilian business partners — Jorge Paulo Lemann, Marcel Herrmann Telles and Carlos Alberto da Veiga Sicupira, according to three people with knowledge of the matter. The men founded Brazilian investment bank Banco de Investimentos Garantia SA and agreed to sell to Credit Suisse Group AG in 1998 for at least $675 million.
Lemann, 71, whose personal fortune was estimated by Forbes magazine at $11.5 billion this year, and his partners also own stakes in Anheuser-Busch InBev NV, the world’s biggest brewer, and Brazilian retailer Lojas Americanas SA.
3G is run by managing partner Alexandre Behring, who joined in 2005 after previously working at a buyout firm founded by Lemann. Before the Burger King deal, 3G focused mostly on investments in public equities. In a U.S. regulatory filing, it disclosed holdings of about $1 billion in stocks as of June 30, including its biggest position, CSX Corp.
3G in 2007 joined with London-based TCI Fund Management LLP to start a proxy contest for board seats at CSX, the largest U.S. railroad. Behring eventually won a seat.
John Chidsey, Burger King’s chief executive officer, will remain CEO through a transition period, according to the statement. Chidsey will then become co-chairman of the board along with Behring.
Burger King gets about two-thirds of its revenue from the U.S. and Canada. The chain also operates in Latin America, Europe and parts of Asia. Total sales fell 1.4 percent to $2.5 billion in the year ended June 30, Burger King said last week.
TPG Inc., Bain Capital LLC and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. bought Burger King from Diageo Plc in 2002 before selling shares to the public again four years later. The three own about one- third of Burger King and agreed to tender their shares into the offer.
Lazard Ltd., J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, and Barclays Capital advised 3G. Burger King was advised by Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. 3G Capital’s legal advisers were Kirkland & Ellis LLP, and Burger King’s were Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP and Holland & Knight LLP.
By Duane D. Stanford and Burt Helm